The 3rd generation partnership project (3gpp) unites . Seven telecommunications standards development organizations (arib, atis, ccsa. Etsi, tsdsi, tta and ttc), known as “organizational partners”. And provides its members with a stable and controlled environment to produce the reports and specifications that define 3gpp technologies. The project encompasses . Cellular telecommunications technologies. Including radio access, core network and service features. Which provide a complete system description for mobile telecommunications. The 3gpp specifications also provide standards for non-radio access to the main network and for interworking with non-3gpp networks. The original scope of 3gpp (1998) was to produce . After that, Specifications and technical reports for a 3g mobile system based on gsm networks and the radio access technologies they support.
This has always been an area of focus in recent
Universal terrestrial radio access (utra) in both fdd and tdd mode. . The scope was later changed to include the maintenance and development of technical specifications and technical reports for evolved 3gpp technologies in addition to 3g. Figure 1 below shows Panama Phone Number List the various organizations involved in 3gpp: figure 1 – 3gpp ecosystem. 3gpp meets four times a year at the end of each quarter to plan and develop new specs, which introduce new standardized functionality. The next releases already scheduled for 5g are shows the timeline from 3gpp to 5g: figure 2 – current 3gpp schedule for 5g releases. Figure 3 shows the releases since 1992, including gsm, umts, lte and 5g nr: figure 3 – all 3gpp releases. Finally in Release 16 MIMO capable devices will support
Two modes of operation were defined: in the first
Within its specifications are innovations in sensors, autonomous driving, remote driving and mobile industrial applications. This release determined the minimum necessary for the establishment of the urllc ( ultra reliable low latency communications ), one of the Marketing List three pillars in the construction of the 5g system. In addition, it also brings requirements for the use of unlicensed spectrum and rules for increased efficiency, son ( self organizing network ), emimo ( enhanced multiple inputs multiple outputs ), location and positioning, energy consumption and mobility improvements. The use of satellite in 5g networks is also covered in this release . Below are the main improvements brought in release 16 and their characteristics: massive mimo.